android 获取网络IP地址

  1. private String getIp(){  
  2.     WifiManager wm=(WifiManager)getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);  
  3.     //检查Wifi状态    
  4.     if(!wm.isWifiEnabled())  
  5.         wm.setWifiEnabled(true);  
  6.     WifiInfo wi=wm.getConnectionInfo();  
  7.     //获取32位整型IP地址    
  8.     int ipAdd=wi.getIpAddress();  
  9.     //把整型地址转换成“*.*.*.*”地址    
  10.     String ip=intToIp(ipAdd);  
  11.     return ip;  
  12. }  
  13. private String intToIp(int i) {  
  14.     return (i & 0xFF ) + "." +  
  15.     ((i >> 8 ) & 0xFF) + "." +  
  16.     ((i >> 16 ) & 0xFF) + "." +  
  17.     ( i >> 24 & 0xFF) ;  
  18. }   


获取当前设备的IP地址

 

Java代码  
  1. WifiManager wifiManager = (WifiManager) getSystemService(WIFI_SERVICE);     
  2. WifiInfo wifiInfo = wifiManager.getConnectionInfo();     
  3. int ipAddress = wifiInfo.getIpAddress();     
  4. String ip = intToIp(ipAddress);     
  5.     
  6. public String intToIp(int i) {     
  7.     
  8.    return ((i >> 24 ) & 0xFF ) + "." +     
  9.                ((i >> 16 ) & 0xFF) + "." +     
  10.                ((i >> 8 ) & 0xFF) + "." +     
  11.                ( i & 0xFF) ;     
  12. }    




public String getLocalIpAddress() {
02     try {
03         for (Enumeration en = NetworkInterface.getNetworkInterfaces();
04         en.hasMoreElements();) {
05             NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();
06             for (Enumeration enumIpAddr = intf.getInetAddresses();
07         enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) {
08                 InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();
09                 if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()) {
10                     return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();
11                 }
12             }
13         }
14     catch (SocketException ex) {
15         Log.e(LOG_TAG, ex.toString());
16     }
17     return null;
18 }

获取Mac地址实际项目中测试了如下几种方法:
(1)设备开通Wifi连接,获取到网卡的MAC地址(但是不开通wifi,这种方法获取不到Mac地址,这种方法也是网络上使用的最多的方法)

//根据Wifi信息获取本地Mac     public static String getLocalMacAddressFromWifiInfo(Context context){         WifiManager wifi = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);           WifiInfo info = wifi.getConnectionInfo();           return info.getMacAddress();      }

(2)调用Linux的busybox,通过linux命令来获取

//根据busybox获取本地Mac     public static String getLocalMacAddressFromBusybox(){            String result = "";              String Mac = "";         result = callCmd("busybox ifconfig","HWaddr");                   //如果返回的result == null,则说明网络不可取         if(result==null){             return "网络出错,请检查网络";         }                   //对该行数据进行解析         //例如:eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:16:E8:3E:DF:67         if(result.length()>0 && result.contains("HWaddr")==true){             Mac = result.substring(result.indexOf("HWaddr")+6, result.length()-1);             Log.i("test","Mac:"+Mac+" Mac.length: "+Mac.length());                           /*if(Mac.length()>1){                 Mac = Mac.replaceAll(" ", "");                 result = "";                 String[] tmp = Mac.split(":");                 for(int i = 0;i*/             result = Mac;             Log.i("test",result+" result.length: "+result.length());                     }         return result;     }             private static String callCmd(String cmd,String filter) {            String result = "";            String line = "";            try {             Process proc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);             InputStreamReader is = new InputStreamReader(proc.getInputStream());                BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader (is);                              //执行命令cmd,只取结果中含有filter的这一行             while ((line = br.readLine ()) != null && line.contains(filter)== false) {                    //result += line;                 Log.i("test","line: "+line);             }                           result = line;             Log.i("test","result: "+result);         }            catch(Exception e) {                e.printStackTrace();            }            return result;        }

(3)调用android 的API: NetworkInterface. getHardwareAddress ()
该API的level为9,只有android 2.3以上才有该接口

//根据IP获取本地Mac     public static String getLocalMacAddressFromIp(Context context) {         String mac_s= "";        try {             byte[] mac;             NetworkInterface ne=NetworkInterface.getByInetAddress(InetAddress.getByName(getLocalIpAddress()));             mac = ne.getHardwareAddress();             mac_s = byte2hex(mac);        } catch (Exception e) {            e.printStackTrace();        }                 return mac_s;     }          public static  String byte2hex(byte[] b) {          StringBuffer hs = new StringBuffer(b.length);          String stmp = "";          int len = b.length;          for (int n = 0; n < len; n++) {           stmp = Integer.toHexString(b[n] & 0xFF);           if (stmp.length() == 1)            hs = hs.append("0").append(stmp);           else {            hs = hs.append(stmp);           }          }          return String.valueOf(hs);         }

其中getLocalIpAddress是获取本地IP地址

//获取本地IP     public static String getLocalIpAddress() {              try {                  for (Enumeration en = NetworkInterface                                  .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements();) {                              NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();                             for (Enumeration enumIpAddr = intf                                      .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) {                                  InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();                                  if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()) {                                  return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();                                  }                             }                          }                      } catch (SocketException ex) {                          Log.e("WifiPreference IpAddress", ex.toString());                      }                               return null;      }  

 

 

获取本地IP地址
在网络上搜索一下,一般就有如下的代码:

//获取本地IP     public static String getLocalIpAddress() {              try {                  for (Enumeration en = NetworkInterface                                  .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements();) {                              NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();                             for (Enumeration enumIpAddr = intf                                      .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) {                                  InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();                                  if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()) {                                  return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();                                  }                             }                          }                      } catch (SocketException ex) {                          Log.e("WifiPreference IpAddress", ex.toString());                      }                                           return null;      }  

但是经过测试该方法在android2.3, 2.2...较老版本有效,但是在android较新版本(例如4.0等)获取的数据不正确
获取到了类似fe80::b607:f9ff:fee5:487e..这样的IP地址。经过一番努力,终于找出原因。
上面的IP地址是IPV6的地址形式(大概这个意思,具体没有太深入研究)。解决方法是,在上面代码中的最内层的for循环的if语句中对inetAddress进行格式判断,只有其是IPV4格式地址时,才返回值。修改后代码如下:(下面的方法也是网络上的方法,没有结果验证)

public String getLocalIpAddress() {          try {              String ipv4;              List  nilist = Collections.list(NetworkInterface.getNetworkInterfaces());              for (NetworkInterface ni: nilist)               {                  List  ialist = Collections.list(ni.getInetAddresses());                  for (InetAddress address: ialist){                      if (!address.isLoopbackAddress() && InetAddressUtils.isIPv4Address(ipv4=address.getHostAddress()))                       {                           return ipv4;                      }                  }                 }             } catch (SocketException ex) {              Log.e(LOG_TAG, ex.toString());          }          return null;      } 

网络上还有一种方法来获取本地IP地址(不过是在wifi状态下)
通过WifiManager, DhcpInfo获取IP地址以及网关等信息(在android4.0等版本也适用)

package com.jason.demo.androidip;    import android.content.Context;  import android.net.DhcpInfo;  import android.net.wifi.WifiInfo;  import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;  import android.text.format.Formatter;    public class IPAddress {            public String getIPAddress(Context ctx){          WifiManager wifi_service = (WifiManager) ctx.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);          DhcpInfo dhcpInfo = wifi_service.getDhcpInfo();          WifiInfo wifiinfo = wifi_service.getConnectionInfo();          System.out.println("Wifi info----->"+wifiinfo.getIpAddress());          System.out.println("DHCP info gateway----->"+Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.gateway));          System.out.println("DHCP info netmask----->"+Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.netmask));          //DhcpInfo中的ipAddress是一个int型的变量,通过Formatter将其转化为字符串IP地址          return Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.ipAddress);      }  }  

加入permission

 

不过我自己在做项目过程中,用另外一种方法也解决了android4.0获取IP错误的问题:

//获取本地IP     public static String getLocalIpAddress() {              try {                  for (Enumeration en = NetworkInterface                                  .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements();) {                              NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();                             for (Enumeration enumIpAddr = intf                                      .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) {                                  InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();                                  if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress() && !inetAddress.isLinkLocalAddress()) {                                  return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();                                  }                             }                          }                      } catch (SocketException ex) {                          Log.e("WifiPreference IpAddress", ex.toString());                      }                                           return null;      }